Sunday, April 03, 2016

Octahaem sulphite reductase MccA

The epsilonproteobacterium Wolinella succinogenes is able to grow by sulphite respiration with formate as electron donor [1], thanks to the octahaem cytochrome c MccA that catalyses the six-electron reduction of sulphite to sulphide:

HSO3 + 6 H+ + 6 e → HS + 3 H2O

The crystal structure of MccA has been determined at 2.2 Å resolution [2, 3]. The enzyme exists as a homotrimer showing a novel fold and haem arrangement. The heterobimetallic active centre contains a Cu(I) ion and a haem c with a Fe—Cu distance of 4.4 Å [4].

a, W. succinogenes MccA binds its substrate sulfite in the dehydrated form, SO2, at the distal axial position of haem 2. At 3.2 Å distance from the sulphur atom, a Cu(I) ion is nearly linearly coordinated by residues C399 and C495.

b, In respiratory haem–copper oxidases, CuB is a redox-active species liganded by three histidine residues and juxtaposed to a haem a3 moiety. The arrangement, with a Fe–Cu distance of 4.9 Å, is optimized to bind O2 and peroxide in a bridging fashion (PDB:3ABM).

  1. Kern, M., Klotz, M.G. and Simon, J. (2011) The Wolinella succinogenes mcc gene cluster encodes an unconventional respiratory sulphite reduction system. Molecular Microbiology 82, 1515—1530.
  2. PDB:4RKM
  3. PDB:4RKN
  4. Hermann, B., Kern, M., La Pietra, L., Simon, J., Einsle, O. (2015) The octahaem MccA is a haem c-copper sulfite reductase. Nature 520, 706—709.