Sunday, April 26, 2009

Chinese element symbols in Unicode

According to Chinese philosophy, there are only five elements:

The union of five elements is known as 五行 (Wǔ xíng). In Chinese Periodic Table, 金 (jīn) on its own means ‘gold’ while all other solid metals consist of two symbols, jīn + something else, for instance 金 + 白 = 鉑 (platinum). The only liquid metal at room temperature, mercury (汞), does not include 金 but has 水 (shuǐ) instead. There are many versions of Chinese Periodic Table on the web but personally I like this interactive one. Bizarrely, Unicode has three flavours for each of Chinese elements: ‘parenthesized’, ‘circled’ and ‘simple’. Again, I am sure that many people will not see these characters correctly.

CharacterNameUnicodeDecimalHexadecimalMeaning
PARENTHESIZED IDEOGRAPH FIREU+322B㈫㈫Fire (traditional element) or Tuesday
CIRCLED IDEOGRAPH FIREU+328B㊋㊋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-706BU+706B火火
PARENTHESIZED IDEOGRAPH WATERU+322C㈬㈬Water (traditional element) or Wednesday
CIRCLED IDEOGRAPH WATERU+328C㊌㊌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C34U+6C34水水
PARENTHESIZED IDEOGRAPH WOODU+322D㈭㈭Wood (traditional element) or Thursday
CIRCLED IDEOGRAPH WOODU+328D㊍㊍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6728U+6728木木
PARENTHESIZED IDEOGRAPH METALU+322E㈮㈮Metal (traditional element) or gold (element) or Friday
CIRCLED IDEOGRAPH METALU+328E㊎㊎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-91D1U+91D1金&#91d1;
PARENTHESIZED IDEOGRAPH EARTHU+322F㈯㈯Earth (traditional element) or Saturday
CIRCLED IDEOGRAPH EARTHU+328F㊏㊏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-571FU+571F土&#571f;

1 comment:

Tamara Kulikova said...

I do see all the characters, strangely enough :)